Markets for Mississippi's sawtimber and pulpwood are bouncing back from the economic recession, but the industry is not improving across the board.
"Slowly but surely, markets for sawtimber are beginning to grow again after the sharp declines seen after the collapse of the U.S. housing market and the ensuing recession," said James Henderson, associate Extension professor of forestry at Mississippi State University. "But the closing of the International Paper mill in Courtland, Ala. will have an impact on north Mississippi's pulpwood markets."
Henderson said that in 2013, the Mississippi forest industry harvested and delivered $1.128 billion worth of forest products to mills and other processors.
"This value is determined from a timber severance tax paid by producers and harvesters and reflects the timber harvest delivered to the point of first processing, such as a sawmill or pulpwood yard," he said. "A combination of higher harvest volumes and prices for both pine and hardwood sawlogs and pulpwood resulted in a harvest value that is 10.8 percent higher than in 2012."
New home construction rates continue to rise, which bodes well for Southern pine lumber, Henderson said.
Southwest Mississippi may see an increase in the demand for pine pulpwood and eventually for logging slash and forest residuals, such as pine tops, when production ramps up at the Amite BioEnergy pellet mill in Gloster. Drax Biomass International is building the mill in Amite County to produce wood pellets for a power plant in Great Britain.
Ann Davis, Wilkinson County coordinator for the MSU Extension Service, said about 120 landowners, loggers and foresters attended an informational meeting about the mill March 24 at the Centreville Civic Center. Rusty Booker, the vice president of procurement for Drax Biomass International, previewed the company's fiber needs and quality standards.
"The timber economy in southwest Mississippi has been struggling for more than a decade, so any new development is going to help," Davis said. "I'm excited to see the mill go in here and the anticipated increase in the area's economy. Most of our residents work outside our county. The mill will open jobs and give our timber industry a closer buyer for their products."
Randy Rousseau, Extension professor and forestry research professor in the MSU Forest and Wildlife Research Center, said the Amite County mill and other pellet mills in the state and Southeast will provide an outlet for the abundant material available in Mississippi.
"Mississippi has nearly 20 million acres of forest land," Rousseau said. "Different pellet mills use different materials, ranging from pine pulpwood and hardwood to secondary wood from the furniture industry.""The Drax mill wants pine pulpwood, which will help counter some of the downsizing of the pulp and paper market in the United States, as this industry has moved to South America and China," he said.
With a grant from the Mississippi Forestry Commission, Rousseau and his colleagues are working with stakeholder groups to develop biomass best management practices for the state of Mississippi.